问答详情

英语句子转换词语有哪些

时间:2024-05-29 13:0280 人浏览举报
标签:
句子

一、反问句变陈述句:

先去掉反问词,再行否定(加一个否定词或者减一个否定词使句子变通顺),最后将问号改为句好。 即:反问句变陈述句,去掉问号,有加强反问的语气词去掉,在变换后的陈述句中适当的地方必须加一个否定词,才与原反问句意思一致。

比如:“难道他承认人的正确思想是从天上掉下来的吗?”变换陈述句:“他不承认人的正确思想是从天上掉下来的。”若变换为“他承认人的正确思想不是从天上掉下来的。”就与原反问句的意思不一致了,答案就是错的,因为否定词“不”放的位置不当。

反问句改陈述句习题:

1、您为我们付出了这样高的代价,难道还嫌它不够表达您对中国人民的友谊?

2.淮南的柑桔,又大又甜。可是这种桔树一种到淮北,就只能结又小又苦的积,还不是因为水土不同吗?

3.那电线上停着的几个小黑点,不正是伶俐可爱的小燕子吗?

4.如果没有人们的辛勤劳动,这里还不是荆棘丛生的荒坡吗?

5.不耕耘怎么有收获?不学习怎会有知识?

6.这位小姑娘天真美好的心灵,不正像一朵含苞欲放的花蕾吗?

7.难道我们能随意砍伐树木,破坏绿化吗?

8.学习如登山,需要有踏实苦干和坚持不懈的精神,才能登上高峰。这不是十分清楚的道理吗?

9.肺结核病人躺在床上呻吟的时候,他怎么会想到使他生病的就是那个在马路上随便吐痰的人呢?

10.字典不正是我无声的朋友和老师吗?

二、陈述句变反问句:

先将原句进行否定(即改成个否定句),然后加上表反问的语气词(句子一定要通顺),最后将句号改为问号。 即:同样,肯定句变反问句,在变换后的反问句中,必须在适当的地方加一个否定词,才与原句意思一致。

比如:“你应该去看他。”变为:“难道你不应该去看他吗?”

陈述句改成反问句习题:

1、这幅画是我们班蔡颖画的。

2.不好好学习,自然不能取得好成绩。

3.对少数同学不守纪律的现象,我们不能不闻不问。

4.那奔驰的列车正是我们祖国奋勇前进的象征。

5.功课没做完,不能去看电影。

6.犯了错误旦不敢向老师、同学承认,这不是一个少先队员应有的态度。

7.我们不能因为学习任务重而不参加体育活动。

8.没有革命先辈的流血牺牲,就没有我们今天的幸福生活。

9.小玲取得的优异成绩正是她勤奋学习的结果。

10.我们不能被困难吓倒。

三、否定句变反问句:

否定句变反问句,去掉句中否定词或在变换后的反问句中再放上一个否定词,才与原句意思相符。比如:“他不应该看她。”变为“难道他应该去看她吗?”或“难道他不应该不去看她吗?”由此可见:反问句的问号,起了一个否定词的作用。反问句是对一个肯定内容或否定内容的否定。

方法二:

第一步:去 即去掉反问词和语气词; “难道…吗?怎么…呢?” 第二步:改 即把“?”号改成“。”号第三步:反 即把原句的意思反过来。第四步:查 即检查修改后的句子意思应和原来的是否一样。

1、用具有相同意思的词或词组进行转换,如:

例:She has a good time in Wuhan.

转换:She enjoys herself in Wuhan.

例:He spends some money on books every week.

转换:He pays some money to buy books every week.

2、借助于反义词或反义词组进行转换,如:

例:I can’t run as fast as my brother.

转换:I run more slowly than my brother.

My brother runs faster than I.

例:He is not old enough to go to school.

转换:He is too young to go to school.

3、词语的理解和运用

这里是指:由于词性不同,但所表达的意思相同的句型变换,如:

例:We often go to school on foot.

转换:We often walk to school.相关如下:

词汇转换或词组转换(通过同义词或近义词,甚至反义词,进行同义句转换。)

1、不再:no more=not ...any more

2、花费:spend/cost/pay/take

3、玩的开心:have fun =have a good time= enjoy oneself

4、事实上:actually=infact=as a matter of fact

5、以自豪:be proud of=take pride in

变成动词

1. adj./n. ize ------ v. …化

computerize, modernize, realize, socialize, centralize, specialize, normalize, popularize, memorize, apologize, criticize, hospitalize,

2. n./adj. en ------ v. 使...

soften, shorten, widen, threaten, sharpen.

3. en n. ------v. 使成为...

endanger, enjoy, enlarge, enrich, enable,

4. n. /adj. fy-------vt. 使…

beautify, specify, simplify, 变成名词

--ment: movement, development, payment, retirement, excite, attach

---ness: 抽象名词,状态,性质,程度:soft, hot, cold, ill, fit, weak, loneliness, bitter, stubbornness, helplessness, emptiness,

---ship: 身份,地位 membership, professorship, scholarship, friendship

v. n.(adj.) y---n. 抽象名词:beauty, jealousy, mastery, enquiry, honesty, accuracy, difficulty, recovery, modesty, recovery

adj. ity----n. regular, solid, equal, stupid, responsible, electricity, cruelty, hospitality

v. ation (tion) ---n. prepare, admiration, association, organization, repeat, compete, perfection

adj. th. ---n. long, wide, strength, grow,

--ce (cy)----n. patience, convenience, difference, confidence, independence, efficiency, infancy, democracy, bureaucracy, innocence, existence, secret(secrecy), private, bankrupt, intimate.

--ful. mouthful, handful, houseful

其它:relieve---- relief, appear---appearance, disappear—disappearance, king---kingdom, free---freedom, see--- sight, bravery, mockery, snobbery 变成形容词

--ing, excite, please, surprise

--ed, excite, please, surprise

--ful eventful, forget, joy, hope, success, dutiful

--less, careless, mindless, helpless, limitless, selfishless, speechless, shameless----n. ness

---able, imagine, cure, comparable, valuable, sensible,

---(a)tive, creative, active, image, produce, sensitive, effective, informative, talkative, imitative, preventive

---some, tiresome, troublesome, awesome, wearisome, lonesome, fearsome, quarrelsome, burdonsome

--ary, moment---momentary, custom---customary, revolutionary

其它:office-official, face – facial, please – pleasant 否定前缀

in: 相反的性质,对立 equality, justice, curable, capable, ability, immortal, moral, perfect, regular, legal, competence, correct, formal, efficiency, proper, justice, religious, responsible, resistibly, relevant, rational,

un: fortunate, approve, honest, happy, lucky, grateful, easy

dis: agree, approve, honest, appear,

non: nonsense, non-existent, non-smoker, non-violence, non-verbal, non-standard, non-iron

anti : anti-war, anti-trust, anti-cancer, anticlockwise, antiknock, antifreeze, anti-fascist,

over—过于,overcrowded, oversleep, overwork, overjoy, overestimate, oversimplify, overburden, overreacted, oversimplify 合成词

直接合成

adj. n. ---n. short-term, sweetheart, gentlemen, newcomer, sweetheart, briefcase

adj. n.---adj. 一般加连字符 first-rate, first-hand, high-grade,

n. n. –n. notebook, sunglasses, newspaper, headline, thumbnail, gravestone, fireplace

n. adj. – adj. airtight, snow-white, self-confident, color-blind, seasick, blood-red, home-sick, coal-black, ice-cold, seasick

v. adv. ---n. feedback, sit-in, set-up, check-out, take-off, breakthrough, comeback 有变化

n. 及物动词 er——复合名词best-seller, lie-detector, lady-killer, type-writer, tape-recorder, pain-killer, watch-maker, record-holder, tax-payer,

n. 过分---adj. heartfelt, machine-made, self-educated, battery-powered, computer-designed, bloodshot, home-made, snow-covered, heart-broken, panic-stricken, ox-eyed, iron-willed, star-shaped, honey-mouthed, cream-colored, war-torn,

n. v.ing --- 名词 air-conditioning, paper-correcting, horn-blowing, money-making, sight-seeing, house-keeping

adj./adv./n. v.ing ---形容词labor-saving, breath-taking, life-giving, hardworking, high-sounding, innocent-looking, far-reaching, ever-lasting, good-looking,

adj./数 n. ed.---adj. blue-eyed, good-mannered, bad-tempered, broad-minded, one-sided, double-faced, three-legged, medium-sized, cold-blooded, deep-rooted, double-faced,

n. n. ed ---adj. cone-shaped, level-headed, web-footed, ox-eyed, star-shaped, iron-willed, cream-colored, honey-mouthed

adj./adv. 过去分词---adj. ill-natured, well-informed, so-called, well-kept, well-grounded, widespread, well-dressed, poorly-written, newborn, highly-praised中国英语学习网,你最好的英语学习伙伴 24en.com

感谢你浏览了全部内容~